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Multi-parameter topographical analysis of the subchondral bone in healthy and osteoarthritic human patellae

Höchel, Sebastian. Multi-parameter topographical analysis of the subchondral bone in healthy and osteoarthritic human patellae. 2018, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Medicine.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_13690

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Abstract

Unlike other joints, the PFJ has only recently generated interest in the scientific
community. Consequently, the knowledge about any physiological or pathological
distribution of both, structural parameters as well as mechanical ones is still sparse.
In particular, the distribution of mechanical strength fields across the SBP and a method
of evaluation in vivo will be of benefit for a better understanding of the long-term load
distribution and the alteration through pathological processes. Regular load distribution
could be evaluated, pathologies could be detected and an alteration process could be
monitored over time.
Apart from the above-mentioned, the trabecular system of the patella has only been
investigated on 2D cuttings and requires further investigation. Full detail about the 3D
arrangement is still missing.
Of special interest is the trabecular arrangement in in dependence to the long-term load
intake of the SBP. This way, it could be evaluated how the SBP distributes the load to
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the inside of the bone and how areas of high and low load intake are structured as sign
of adaptation.
The changes within the SBP and trabecular structure could provide conclusive
information concerning OA of the PFJ and the pathological mechanism it initiates. So
far it is understood that the properties of joint cartilage change as to maintain tissue
homeostasis. Next to matrix remodelling, the cartilage adapts by cell proliferation and
the pressure distribution is altered, however the mechanism of adaptation of the
structures beneath the cartilage is not understood.
Therefore, we aim to investigate the Osteochondral Unit of the human patella and show
that the anatomical architecture represents a direct adaptation to the loading history.
The three main investigations will include:
• the analyses of mechanical properties of the SBP in regards to its density
distribution;
• the investigation of the subarticular bone for its structural and numerical
parameters of trabecular network; and
• the changes occurring in above mentioned systems in degenerated samples.
Advisors:Müller-Gerbl, Magdalena and Müller, Bert and Putz, Reinhard
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Anatomy > Musculosceletal Research (Müller-Gerbl)
UniBasel Contributors:Höchel, Sebastian and Müller-Gerbl, Magdalena and Müller, Bert
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:13690
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:1 Online-Ressource (61 Blätter)
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 Sep 2020 04:30
Deposited On:07 Sep 2020 14:25

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