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Dressed states of a strain-driven spin in diamond

Kölbl, Johannes. Dressed states of a strain-driven spin in diamond. 2020, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_13650

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Abstract

Emerging quantum technologies, such as quantum information processing and quantum metrology, require quantum systems that provide reliable toolsets for initialization, readout, and coherent manipulation as well as long coherence times. The coherence of these systems, however, is usually limited by uncontrolled interactions with the surrounding environment. In particular, innovations building on solid-state spin systems like the Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) center in diamond ordinarily involve the use of magnetic field-sensitive states. In this case, ambient magnetic field fluctuations constitute a serious impediment that shortens the coherence time considerably. Thus, the protection of individual quantum systems from environmental perturbations constitutes a fundamentally important but also a challenging task for the further development of quantum appliances.
In this thesis, we address this challenge by extending the widely used approach of dynamical decoupling to protect a quantum system from decoherence. Specifically, we study three-level dressed states that emerge under continuous, `closed-contour' interaction driving. To implement and investigate these dressed states, we exploit well-established methods for coherent microwave and strain manipulation of the NV center spin in a hybrid spin-mechanical system. Our results reveal that this novel continuous decoupling mechanism can overcome external magnetic fluctuations in a robust way. We demonstrate experimentally that the dressed states we created are long-lived and find coherence times nearly two orders of magnitude longer than the inhomogeneous dephasing time of the NV spin, even for moderate driving strengths.
To realize direct and efficient access to the coherence-protected dressed states under closed-contour driving, we further demonstrate the use of state transfer protocols for their initialization and readout. In addition to an adiabatic approach, we apply recently developed protocols based on `shortcuts to adiabaticity' to accomplish the initialization process, which ultimately accelerates the transfer speed by a factor of $2.6$ compared to the fastest adiabatic protocol with similar fidelity. Moreover, we show bidirectionality of the accelerated state transfer, which allows us to directly read out the dressed state population and to quantify the transfer fidelity of $\approx$$\,99\,\%$.
By employing the methods to prepare and read out the dressed states, we lay the foundation to meet the remaining key requirement for quantum systems -- coherent quantum control. We present direct, coherent manipulation of the dressed states in their own manifold and exploit this for extensive characterization of the dressed states' properties. Thus, our results constitute an elementary step to establish the dressed states as a powerful resource in prospective quantum sensing applications.
Harnessing quantum systems like the dressed states as nanoscale sensors of external fields requires the detailed characterization of the local internal environment. In the final part of this thesis, we report on the determination of intrinsic effective fields of individual NV center spins. We study single NVs in high purity diamond and find that local strain dominates over local electric fields. In addition, we experimentally demonstrate and theoretically describe a new technique for performing single spin-based polarization analysis of microwave fields in a tunable, linear basis.
Advisors:Maletinsky, Patrick and Burkard, Guido
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Georg H. Endress-Stiftungsprofessur für Experimentalphysik (Maletinsky)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:13650
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:1 Online-Ressource (b-k, 120 Seiten)
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:25 Aug 2020 14:10
Deposited On:25 Aug 2020 14:09

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