Why is the pipeline leaking? Experiences of young women in STEM vocational education and training and their adjustment strategies

Makarova, Elena and Aeschlimann, Belinda and Herzog, Walter. (2016) Why is the pipeline leaking? Experiences of young women in STEM vocational education and training and their adjustment strategies. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 8 (1). pp. 1-18.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/76296/

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Purpose: The paper investigates the perceptions of young women during their vocational education and training (VET) in traditionally male-dominated STEM fields- science, technology, engineering, and mathematics-by analyzing mechanisms and actions addressing the female gender in gender-atypical career fields and reveals strategies young women apply when adjusting to the male-dominated educational and professional fields. Design/methodology/approach: The data originate from semi-structured interviews with young women (N = 71) who had chosen a STEM career and who were enrolled in VET in Swiss secondary schools. Results: The results indicate different processes of gendering in VET, uncovering vari- ous mechanisms and symbolic actions which contribute to the (re-)production of a masculine culture in STEM professions. Furthermore, the study provides insight into the different strategies young women apply in order to adjust to gender-atypical educa- tional and professional life domains. Implications: The paper calls for the visibility of gender inequality in VET in order to make changes toward less female dropout in STEM fields. Moreover, the paper also presents implications for HR professionals and practitioners and provides suggestions for debates about the shortage of (female) STEM workers. Originality/value: Little is known about women's experience in gender-atypical tracks of VET. There is still a need to plug the leaks, i.e., reduce female attrition, in the STEM pipeline.
Faculties and Departments:08 Cross-disciplinary Subjects > Institut für Bildungswissenschaften > Fachbereich Pädagogik > Bildungswissenschaften (Makarova)
UniBasel Contributors:Makarova, Elena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer Nature
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:13 May 2020 13:24
Deposited On:13 May 2020 13:24

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