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Motor Competence and Physical Activity in Early Childhood: Stability and Relationship

Schmutz, Einat A. and Leeger-Aschmann, Claudia S. and Kakebeeke, Tanja H. and Zysset, Annina E. and Messerli-Bürgy, Nadine and Stülb, Kerstin and Arhab, Amar and Meyer, Andrea Hans and Munsch, Simone and Puder, Jardena J. and Jenni, Oskar G. and Kriemler, Susi. (2020) Motor Competence and Physical Activity in Early Childhood: Stability and Relationship. Frontiers in public health, 8.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/76060/

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Abstract

Background:; Normal motor development and adequate levels of physical activity engagement during the early years of life form the foundation of long-term psychological and physiological health. This is one of the very few studies that investigate the stability and relationships of motor competence and physical activity in preschool children.; Methods:; Baseline and 12 month follow-up data of physical activity and motor competence of 550 preschool children aged 2-6 years from the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study were used for this work. Physical activity data, expressed in counts per minute for total physical activity and minutes per day for time spent moderately-to-vigorously physically active, were collected over 1 week using accelerometers. Motor competence was assessed with the Zurich Neuromotor Assessment. Both motor competence and physical activity were age- and sex-adjusted. To examine the individual stability of physical activity and motor competence and reciprocal cross-sectional and longitudinal effects between these two domains, a latent variable cross-lagged panel model where motor competence was represented through a latent construct was examined using structural equation modeling.; Results:; A weak cross-sectional correlation of motor competence with total physical activity (; r; = 0.24) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (; r; = 0.23) was found. Motor competence exhibited high stability (β = 0.82) in the preschool years and physical activity was moderately stable with estimates ranging from β = 0.37 for total physical activity to β = 0.48 for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. In contrast to the autoregressive coefficients denoting individual stability, both cross-lagged effects were negligible indicating that physical activity was not a determinant of motor competence or vice versa.; Conclusions:; Motor competence and physical activity developed independently of each other in early childhood. Although measures of quantity and intensity of physical activity were not related to motor development, specific movement experiences and practice-which are not reflected by accelerometry-may be needed for skill development. Future research should focus on examining what type of physical activity is important for motor development and how to assess it, and also whether the relationship between physical activity and motor competence evolves over time.; Clinical Trial Registration:; Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN41045021 (date of registration: 21.03.14).
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:2296-2565
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:17 Dec 2021 16:38
Deposited On:17 Dec 2021 16:38

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