1EFR: Bovine Mitochondrial F1-Atpase Complexed With The Peptide Antibiotic Efrapeptin

Abrahams, J. P. and Buchanan, S. K. and Van Raaij, M. J. and Fearnley, I. M. and Leslie, A. G. W. and Walker, J. E.. (1997) 1EFR: Bovine Mitochondrial F1-Atpase Complexed With The Peptide Antibiotic Efrapeptin. Worldwide Protein Data Bank. 1EFR.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/76003/

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In the previously determined structure of mitochondrial F1-ATPase determined with crystals grown in the presence of adenylyl-imidodiphosphate (AMP-PNP) and ADP, the three catalytic beta-subunits have different conformations and nucleotide occupancies. AMP-PNP and ADP are bound to subunits beta TP and beta DP, respectively, and the third beta-subunit (beta E) has no bound nucleotide. The efrapeptins are a closely related family of modified linear peptides containing 15 amino acids that inhibit both ATP synthesis and hydrolysis by binding to the F1 catalytic domain of F1F0-ATP synthase. In crystals of F1-ATPase grown in the presence of both nucleotides and inhibitor, efrapeptin is bound to a unique site in the central cavity of the enzyme. Its binding is associated with small structural changes in side chains of F1-ATPase around the binding pocket. Efrapeptin makes hydrophobic contacts with the alpha-helical structure in the gamma-subunit, which traverses the cavity, and with subunit beta E and the two adjacent alpha-subunits. Two intermolecular hydrogen bonds could also form. Intramolecular hydrogen bonds probably help to stabilize efrapeptin's two domains (residues 1-6 and 9-15, respectively), which are connected by a flexible region (beta Ala-7 and Gly-8). Efrapeptin appears to inhibit F1-ATPase by blocking the conversion of subunit beta E to a nucleotide binding conformation, as would be required by an enzyme mechanism involving cyclic interconversion of catalytic sites.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Nano-diffraction of Biological Specimen (Abrahams)
UniBasel Contributors:Abrahams, Jan Pieter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 Nov 2021 15:40
Deposited On:24 Nov 2021 15:40

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