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How Do the Properties of Amphiphilic Polymer Membranes Influence the Functional Insertion of Peptide Pores?

Belluati, Andrea and Mikhalevich, Viktoria and Yorulmaz Avsar, Saziye and Daubian, Davy and Craciun, Ioana and Chami, Mohamed and Meier, Wolfgang P. and Palivan, Cornelia G.. (2020) How Do the Properties of Amphiphilic Polymer Membranes Influence the Functional Insertion of Peptide Pores? Biomacromolecules, 21 (2). pp. 701-715.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74981/

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Abstract

Pore-forming peptides are of high biological relevance particularly as cytotoxic agents, but their properties are also applicable for the permeabilization of lipid membranes for biotechnological applications, which can then be translated to the more stable and versatile polymeric membranes. However, their interactions with synthetic membranes leading to pore formation are still poorly understood, hampering the development of peptide-based nanotechnological applications, such as biosensors or catalytic compartments. To elucidate these interactions, we chose the model peptide melittin, the main component of bee venom. Here, we present our systematic investigation on how melittin interacts with and inserts into synthetic membranes, based on amphiphilic block copolymers, to induce pore formation in three different setups (planar membranes and micrometric and nanometric vesicles). By varying selected molecular properties of block copolymers and resulting membranes (e.g., hydrophilic to hydrophobic block ratio, membrane thickness, surface roughness, and membrane curvature) and the stage of melittin addition to the synthetic membranes, we gained a deeper understanding of melittin insertion requirements. In the case of solid-supported planar membranes, melittin interaction was favored by membrane roughness and thickness, but its insertion and pore formation were hindered when the membrane was excessively thick. The additional property provided by micrometric vesicles, curvature, increased the functional insertion of melittin, which was evidenced by the even more curved nanometric vesicles. Using nanometric vesicles allowed us to estimate the pore size and density, and by changing the stage of melittin addition, we overcame the limitations of peptideâEuro"polymer membrane interaction. Mirroring the functionality assay of planar membranes, we produced glucose-sensing vesicles. The design of synthetic membranes permeabilized with melittin opens a new path toward the development of biosensors and catalytic compartments based on pore-forming peptides functionally inserted in synthetic planar or three-dimensional membranes.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Makromolekulare Chemie (Meier)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Palivan)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > BioEM Lab (Chami)
UniBasel Contributors:Palivan, Cornelia G and Belluati, Andrea and Mikhalevich, Viktoria and Yorulmaz Avsar, Saziye and Poupin-Daubian, Davy and Craciun, Ioana and Chami, Mohamed and Meier, Wolfgang P.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1525-7797
e-ISSN:1526-4602
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Language:English
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Last Modified:07 Aug 2020 03:10
Deposited On:28 Jan 2020 12:17

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