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Bioinspired Molecular Factories with Architecture and In Vivo Functionalities as Cell Mimics

Einfalt, Tomaz and Garni, Martina and Witzigmann, Dominik and Sieber, Sandro and Baltisberger, Niklaus and Huwyler, Jörg and Meier, Wolfgang and Palivan, Cornelia. (2020) Bioinspired Molecular Factories with Architecture and In Vivo Functionalities as Cell Mimics. Advanced Science, 7 (4). p. 1901923.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74968/

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Abstract

Despite huge need in the medical domain and significant development efforts, artificial cells to date have limited composition and functionality. Whereas some artificial cells have proven successful for producing therapeutics or performing in vitro specific reactions, they have not been investigated in vivo to determine whether they preserve their architecture and functionality while avoiding toxicity. Here we overcome these limitations and achieve customizable cell mimic - molecular factories (MFs) - by supplementing giant plasma membrane vesicles derived from donor cells with nanometer-sized artificial organelles (AOs). MFs inherit the donor cell's natural cytoplasm and membrane, while the AOs house reactive components and provide cell-like architecture and functionality. We demonstrate that reactions inside AOs take place in a close-to-nature environment due to the unprecedented level of complexity in the composition of the MFs. We further demonstrate that in a zebrafish vertebrate animal model these cell mimics showed no apparent toxicity and retained their integrity and function. The unique advantages of highly varied composition, multi-compartmentalized architecture, and preserved functionality in vivo open new biological avenues ranging from the study of bio-relevant processes in robust cell-like environments to the production of specific bioactive compounds.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Makromolekulare Chemie (Meier)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Palivan)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmazeutische Technologie (Huwyler)
UniBasel Contributors:Palivan, Cornelia G and Einfalt, Tomaz and Garni, Martina and Witzigmann, Dominik and Baltisberger, Niklaus and Huwyler, Jörg and Meier, Wolfgang P.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2198-3844
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:21 Feb 2020 14:18
Deposited On:29 Jan 2020 10:05

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