Coronin 1 Is Required for Integrin β2 Translocation in Platelets

Riley, David R. J. and Khalil, Jawad S. and Pieters, Jean and Naseem, Khalid M. and Rivero, Francisco. (2020) Coronin 1 Is Required for Integrin β2 Translocation in Platelets. International Journal of Molecular Siences, 21 (1). p. 356.

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Remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton is one of the critical events that allows platelets to undergo morphological and functional changes in response to receptor-mediated signaling cascades. Coronins are a family of evolutionarily conserved proteins implicated in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, represented by the abundant coronins 1, 2, and 3 and the less abundant coronin 7 in platelets, but their functions in these cells are poorly understood. A recent report revealed impaired agonist-induced actin polymerization and cofilin phosphoregulation and altered thrombus formation in vivo as salient phenotypes in the absence of an overt hemostasis defect in vivo in a knockout mouse model of coronin 1. Here we show that the absence of coronin 1 is associated with impaired translocation of integrin β2 to the platelet surface upon stimulation with thrombin while morphological and functional alterations, including defects in Arp2/3 complex localization and cAMP-dependent signaling, are absent. Our results suggest a large extent of functional overlap among coronins 1, 2, and 3 in platelets, while aspects like integrin β2 translocation are specifically or predominantly dependent on coronin 1.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Biochemistry (Pieters)
UniBasel Contributors:Pieters, Jean
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Jan 2020 12:58
Deposited On:22 Jan 2020 12:58

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