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Awareness campaigns of atrial fibrillation as an opportunity for early detection by pharmacists: an international cross-sectional study

da Costa, Filipa Alves and Mala-Ladova, Katerina and Lee, Vivian and Tous, Salvador and Papastergiou, John and Griffiths, Dale and Chaumais, Marie-Camille and Hersberger, Kurt E. and Viola, Reka and Paulino, Ema and Lobban, Trudie and Neubeck, Lis and Freedman, Ben and Antoniou, Sotiris. (2019) Awareness campaigns of atrial fibrillation as an opportunity for early detection by pharmacists: an international cross-sectional study. Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis. pp. 1-12.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74585/

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Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) accounts for up to one third of strokes, one of the lead mortality causes worldwide. The European Society of Cardiology guidelines recommend opportunistic screening as a means to increase the odds of early detection and institution of appropriate treatment according to risk factors identified. However, in most countries there are various barriers to effective uptake of screening, including low awareness. The Atrial Fibrillation Association is a patient association engaged with raising awareness of AF. Establishing a partnership with the International Pharmacists for Anticoagulation Care Taskforce, we set as goals to test a model for raising awareness of AF involving pharmacists globally; and to identify barriers and enablers to its implementation. A cross-sectional study was conducted during the Arrhythmia Alliance World Heart Rhythm Week. Pharmacists from 10 countries invited individuals (≥ 40 years; without anticoagulation therapy of AF) to participate in the awareness campaign. Participants agreeing were engaged in the early detection of AF (EDAF) using pulse palpation. Individuals with rhythm discrepancies were referred and prospectively assessed to have information on the proportion of confirmed diagnosis, leading to estimate the detection rate. Interviews with country coordinators explored barriers and enablers to implementation. The study involved 4193 participants in the awareness campaign and 2762 in the EDAF event (mean age 65.3 ± 13.0), of whom 46.2% individuals were asymptomatic, recruited across 120 sites. Most common CHA; 2; DS; 2; -VASc risk factor was hypertension. Among 161 patients referred to physician, feedback was obtained for 32 cases, of whom 12 new arrhythmia diagnoses were confirmed (5 for AF, 2 for atrial flutter), all among elders (≥ 65 years). Qualitative evaluation suggested a local champion to enable pharmacists' success; technology enhanced engagement amongst patients and increased pharmacists' confidence in referring to physicians; interprofessional relationship was crucial in success. This study suggests pharmacists can contribute to greater outreach of awareness campaigns. Effective communication pathways for inter-professional collaboration were suggested enablers to gain full benefits of EDAF.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmaceutical Care (Hersberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Hersberger, Kurt E.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0929-5305
e-ISSN:1573-742X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Jan 2020 09:34
Deposited On:21 Jan 2020 09:34

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