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Design of graded biomimetic osteochondral composite scaffolds

Tampieri, Anna and Sandri, Monica and Landi, Elena and Pressato, Daniele and Francioli, Silvia and Quarto, Rodolfo and Martin, Ivan. (2008) Design of graded biomimetic osteochondral composite scaffolds. Biomaterials, 29 (26). pp. 3539-3546.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5248809

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Abstract

With the ultimate goal to generate suitable materials for the repair of osteochondral defects, in this work we aimed at developing composite osteochondral scaffolds organized in different integrated layers, with features which are biomimetic for articular cartilage and subchondral bone and can differentially support formation of such tissues. A biologically inspired mineralization process was first developed to nucleate Mg-doped hydroxyapatite crystals on type I collagen fibers during their self-assembling. The resulting mineral phase was non-stoichiometric and amorphous, resembling chemico-physical features of newly deposited, natural bone matrix. A graded material was then generated, consisting of (i) a lower layer of the developed biomineralized collagen, corresponding to the subchondral bone, (ii) an upper layer of hyaluronic acid-charged collagen, mimicking the cartilaginous region, and (iii) an intermediate layer of the same nature as the biomineralized collagen, but with a lower extent of mineral, resembling the tidemark. The layers were stacked and freeze-dried to obtain an integrated monolithic composite. Culture of the material for 2 weeks after loading with articular chondrocytes yielded cartilaginous tissue formation selectively in the upper layer. Conversely, ectopic implantation in nude mice of the material after loading with bone marrow stromal cells resulted in bone formation which remained confined within the lower layer. in conclusion, we developed a composite material with cues which are biomimetic of an osteochondral tissue and with the capacity to differentially support cartilage and bone tissue generation. The results warrant testing of the material as a substitute for the repair of osteochondral lesions in orthotopic animal models. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Tissue Engineering (Martin)
UniBasel Contributors:Martin, Ivan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0142-9612
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:23 Nov 2017 05:54
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:39

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