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Evaluation of drug-related problems and subsequent clinical pharmacists' interventions at a Swiss university hospital

Reinau, Daphne and Furrer, Chiara and Stämpfli, Dominik and Bornand, Delia and Meier, Christoph R.. (2019) Evaluation of drug-related problems and subsequent clinical pharmacists' interventions at a Swiss university hospital. Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics, 44 (6). pp. 924-931.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74303/

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Abstract

The evaluation of clinical pharmacy services is essential for their further development and establishment. We analysed drug-related problems (DRPs) and subsequent clinical pharmacists' interventions (PIs) at a Swiss university hospital.; We conducted a retrospective analysis of DRPs and subsequent PIs that were identified and implemented during interdisciplinary ward rounds in internal medicine at the University Hospital Basel, Switzerland, between 2015 and 2017. We estimated the potential clinical and economic impact of PIs using a validated evaluation tool (CLEO; de; ).; Based on medication reviews of 5441 patients, clinical pharmacists identified 5024 DRPs, of which 2892 DRPs (57.6%) were followed by a PI that was directly accepted and implemented by the physician in charge and included in the present analysis. The leading cause and type of PIs were inappropriate dose and dose adjustment, respectively. Overall, 97.8% of DRPs were followed by PIs with an expected clinical benefit for the patients (major: 11.1%; moderate: 27.6%; minor: 59.1%). The drugs most often involved in PIs of major clinical impact were antithrombotics, acid blockers and cardiovascular drugs. With regard to the economic impact, 40.7% of DRPs implied PIs resulting in an increase of immediate therapy costs, whereas 39.3% implied PIs resulting in a decrease of immediate therapy costs. The remaining PIs were cost-neutral.; This study emphasizes that clinical pharmacists may help improve the effectiveness and safety of pharmacotherapy on acute care medical wards.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1365-2710
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 May 2020 10:27
Deposited On:27 May 2020 10:27

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