Shift in flowering time allows diploid and autotetraploid Anacamptis pyramidalis (Orchidaceae) to coexist by reducing competition for pollinators

Pegoraro, Luca and De Vos, Jurriaan M. and Cozzolino, Salvatore and Scopece, Giovanni. (2019) Shift in flowering time allows diploid and autotetraploid Anacamptis pyramidalis (Orchidaceae) to coexist by reducing competition for pollinators. BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, 191 (2). pp. 274-284.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74278/

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How autopolyploids establish when competing with diploid progenitors is still poorly understood. Here, we investigate the effects of morphological and phenological divergence on the reproductive success of co-occurring diploid and autotetraploid individuals of Anacamptis pyramidalis to disentangle the mechanisms allowing their c-oexistence. We estimated reproductive success in terms of absolute and relative fruit production and recorded morphological and phenological traits of the two cytotypes. We also estimated correlations between traits within cytotypes and the related phenotypic selection patterns. The two cytotypes experience similar levels of reproductive success, but they differ significantly in their morphological and phenological traits. Correlations among floral traits were weaker in autotetraploids than in diploids, but among-individuals variation was higher in diploids. For most flower traits, the strength of phenotypic selection was different in the two cytotypes. We found selection on flower number in both cytotypes, whereas selection for earlier flowering time was only found in late-flowering diploids. Our results suggest that a shift in flowering time may have allowed diploid and autotetraploid A. pyramidalis individuals to reduce competition for naive pollinators. Consequently, the two cytotypes can coexist by attaining similar levels of reproductive success and, at same time, reducing the likelihood of inter-cytotype mating.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Physiological Plant Ecology (Kahmen)
UniBasel Contributors:de Vos, Jurriaan M.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Jul 2020 15:09
Deposited On:03 Jul 2020 15:09

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