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Lack of Renal Tubular Glucocorticoid Receptor Decreases the Thiazide-Sensitive Na+/Cl- Cotransporter NCC and Transiently Affects Sodium Handling

Canonica, Jérémie and Frateschi, Simona and Boscardin, Emilie and Ebering, Anna and Sergi, Chloé and Jäger, Yannick and Peyrollaz, Thibaud and Mérillat, Anne-Marie and Maillard, Marc and Klusonova, Petra and Odermatt, Alex and Koesters, Robert and Debonneville, Anne and Staub, Olivier and Verouti, Sophia N. and Hummler, Edith. (2019) Lack of Renal Tubular Glucocorticoid Receptor Decreases the Thiazide-Sensitive Na+/Cl- Cotransporter NCC and Transiently Affects Sodium Handling. Frontiers in physiology, 10. p. 989.

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Abstract

Chronic glucocorticoid infusion impairs NCC activity and induces a non-dipping profile in mice, suggesting that glucocorticoids are essential for daily blood pressure variations. In this paper, we studied mice lacking the renal tubular glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in adulthood (GR knockouts, Nr3c1 Pax8/LC1 ). Upon standard salt diet, Nr3c1 Pax8/LC1 mice grow normally, but show reduced NCC activity despite normal plasma aldosterone levels. Following diet switch to low sodium, Nr3c1 Pax8/LC1 mice exhibit a transient but significant reduction in the activity of NCC and expression of NHE3 and NKCC2 accompanied by significant increased Spak activity. This is followed by transiently increased urinary sodium excretion and higher plasma aldosterone concentrations. Plasma corticosterone levels and 11βHSD2 mRNA expression and activity in the whole kidney remain unchanged. High salt diet does not affect whole body Na+ and/or K+ balance and NCC activity is not reduced, but leads to a significant increase in diastolic blood pressure dipping in Nr3c1 Pax8/LC1 mice. When high sodium treatment is followed by 48 h of darkness, NCC abundance is reduced in knockout mice although activity is not different. Our data show that upon Na+ restriction renal tubular GR-deficiency transiently affects Na+ handling and transport pathways. Overall, upon standard, low Na+ and high Na+ diet exposure Na+ and K+ balance is maintained as evidenced by normal plasma and urinary Na+ and K+ and aldosterone concentrations.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Molecular and Systems Toxicology (Odermatt)
UniBasel Contributors:Odermatt, Alex
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Frontiers Media
e-ISSN:1664-042X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:13 Jan 2020 10:19
Deposited On:13 Jan 2020 10:19

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