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Microplastic Pollution in Benthic Midstream Sediments of the Rhine River

Mani, Thomas and Primpke, Sebastian and Lorenz, Claudia and Gerdts, Gunnar and Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia. (2019) Microplastic Pollution in Benthic Midstream Sediments of the Rhine River. Environmental Science and Technology, 53 (10). pp. 6053-6062.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74068/

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Abstract

Rivers are major transport vectors for micro plastics (MP) toward the sea. However, there is evidence that MP can temporarily or permanently be inhibited from migrating downstream by retention in sediments or ingestion by organisms. MP concentrations, compositions, and fate within the different compartments of the fluvial environment are poorly understood. Here, benthic, midstream sediments of two undammed, open-flowing stretches were investigated in the Rhine River, one of the world's busiest inland waterways. Twenty-five samples were collected at ten sites via riverbed access through a diving bell or dredging. We performed the first comprehensive analysis of riverbed sediment aliquots that avoids visual selection bias using state-of-the art automated micro-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (mu FTIR) imaging. MP numbers ranged between 0.26 +/- 0.01 and 11.07 +/- 0.6 x 10(3) MP kg(-1) while MP particles <75 mu m accounted for a mean numerical proportion +/- SD of 96 +/- 6%. MP concentrations decreased with sediment depth. Eighteen polymers were identified in the size range of 11-500 mu m; the acrylates/polyurethane/varnish (APV) cluster was found at all sites (mean numerical proportion, 70 +/- 19%), possibly indicating particulate pollution from ship antifouling paint. Overall, polymers denser than freshwater (>1 g cm(-3)) dominated (85 +/- 18%), which contrasts the large proportions of low-density polymers previously reported in near-surface compartments of the Rhine.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Aquatische ├ľkologie (Holm)
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0013-936X
e-ISSN:1520-5851
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:03 Jul 2020 12:49
Deposited On:03 Jul 2020 12:49

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