Bell correlation depth in many-body systems

Baccari, F. and Tura, J. and Fadel, M. and Aloy, A. and Bancal, J.-D. and Sangouard, N. and Lewenstein, M. and Acin, A. and Augusiak, R.. (2019) Bell correlation depth in many-body systems. Physical Review A, 100 (2). 022121.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/73825/

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We address the question of assessing the number of particles sharing genuinely nonlocal correlations in a multipartite system. While the interest in multipartite nonlocality has grown in recent years, its existence in large quantum systems is difficult to confirm experimentally. This is mostly due to the inadequacy of standard multipartite Bell inequalities to many-body systems: Such inequalities usually rely on expectation values involving many parties, usually all, and require individual addressing of each party. In addition, known Bell inequalities for genuine nonlocality are composed of a number of expectation values that scales exponentially with the number of observers, which makes such inequalities impractical from the experimental point of view. In a recent work [Tura et al., Science 344, 1256 (2014)], it was shown that it is possible to detect nonlocality in multipartite systems using Bell inequalities with only two-body correlators. This opened the way for the detection of Bell correlations with trusted collective measurements through Bell correlation witnesses [Schmied et al., Science 352, 441 (2016)]. These witnesses were recently tested experimentally in many-body systems such as Bose-Einstein condensate or thermal ensembles, hence demonstrating the presence of Bell correlations with assumptions on the statistics. Here, we address the problem of detecting nonlocality depth, a notion that quantifies the number of particles sharing nonlocal correlation in a multipartite system. We introduce a general framework allowing us to derive Bell-like inequalities for nonlocality depth from symmetric two-body correlators. We characterize all such Bell-like inequalities for a finite number of parties and we show that they reveal Bell correlation depth k <= 6 in arbitrarily large systems. We then show how Bell correlation depth can be estimated using quantities that are within reach in current experiments. On one hand, we use the standard multipartite Bell inequalities such the Mermin and Svetlichny ones to derive Bell correlations witnesses of any depth that involves only two collective measurements, one of which being the parity measurement. On the other hand, we show that our two-body Bell inequalities can be turned into witnesses of depth k <= 6 that require measuring total spin components in certain directions. Interestingly, such a witness is violated by existing data from an ensemble of 480 atoms.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimentelle Nanophysik (Treutlein)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Quantum Physics (Sangouard)
UniBasel Contributors:Fadel, Matteo and Bancal, Jean-Daniel and Sangouard, Nicolas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article -- Additional publication or translation in: http://arxiv.org/abs/1802.09516
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Last Modified:16 Apr 2020 07:56
Deposited On:16 Apr 2020 07:56

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