Sorption kinetics of isotopically labelled divalent mercury (196Hg2+) in soil

Shetaya, Waleed H. and Huang, Jen-How and Osterwalder, Stefan and Mestrot, Adrien and Bigalke, Moritz and Alewell, Christine. (2019) Sorption kinetics of isotopically labelled divalent mercury (196Hg2+) in soil. Chemosphere, 221 (19). pp. 193-202.

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Understanding the  sorption kinetics of Hg 2+ is the key to predicting its reactivity in soils which is indispensable for  environmental risk assessment . The temporal change in the  solubility of  196 Hg 2+ spikes (6 mg kg −1 ) added to a range of soils with different properties was investigated and modelled. The sorption of  196 Hg 2+ displayed a biphasic pattern with a rapid initial (short-term) phase followed by a slower (time-dependent) one. The overall  reaction rate constants ranged from 0.003 to 4.9 h −1 and were significantly correlated (r = 0.94) to soil  organic carbon (SOC). Elovich and Spherical Diffusion expressions compellingly fitted the observed  196 Hg 2+ sorption kinetics highlighting their flexibility to describe reactions occurring over multiple phases and wide timeframes. A parameterized Elovich model from soil variables indicated that the short-term sorption is solely controlled by SOC while the time-dependent sorption appeared independent of SOC and decreased at higher pH values and Al(OH) 3 and MnO 2 concentrations. This is consistent with a rapid chemical reaction of Hg 2+ with  soil organic matter (SOM) which is followed by a noticeably slower phase likely occurring through physical pathways e.g. pore diffusion of Hg 2+ into spherical soil aggregates and progressive incorporation of soluble organic-Hg into solid phase. The model lines predicted that in soils with >4% SOC, Hg 2+ is removed from soil solution over seconds to minutes; however, in soils with <2% SOC and higher pH values, Hg 2+ may remain soluble for months and beyond with a considerable associated risk of re-emission or migration to the surrounding environments.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften (Alewell)
UniBasel Contributors:Alewell, Christine and Huang, Jen-How and Shetaya, Waleed Hares and Osterwalder, Stefan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Sep 2020 08:39
Deposited On:14 Sep 2020 08:39

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