Postglacial ecotype formation under outcrossing and self‐fertilization in Arabidopsis lyrata

Lucek, Kay and Hohmann, Nora and Willi, Yvonne. (2019) Postglacial ecotype formation under outcrossing and self‐fertilization in Arabidopsis lyrata. Molecular ecology, 28 (5). pp. 1043-1055.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/73476/

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The formation of ecotypes has been invoked as an important driver of postglacial biodiversity, because many species colonized heterogeneous habitats and experienced divergent selection. Ecotype formation has been predominantly studied in outcrossing taxa, while far less attention has been paid to the implications of mating system shifts. Here, we addressed whether substrate‐related ecotypes exist in selfing and outcrossing populations of Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata and whether the genomic footprint differs between mating systems. The North American subspecies colonized both rocky and sandy habitats during postglacial range expansion and shifted the mating system from predominantly outcrossing to predominantly selfing in a number of regions. We performed an association study on pooled whole‐genome sequence data of 20 selfing or outcrossing populations, which suggested genes involved in adaptation to substrate. Motivated by enriched gene ontology terms, we compared root growth between plants from the two substrates in a common environment and found that plants originating from sand grew roots faster and produced more side roots, independent of mating system. Furthermore, single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with substrate‐related ecotypes were more clustered among selfing populations. Our study provides evidence for substrate‐related ecotypes in A. lyrata and divergence in the genomic footprint between mating systems. The latter is the likely result of selfing populations having experienced divergent selection on larger genomic regions due to higher genome‐wide linkage disequilibrium.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Pflanzenökologie und -evolution (Willi)
UniBasel Contributors:Willi, Yvonne and Hohmann, Nora and Lucek, Kay
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Dec 2020 09:12
Deposited On:14 Sep 2020 08:01

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