Finding Reaction Pathways with Optimal Atomic Index Mappings

De , Deb Sankar and Krummenacher, Marco and Schaefer, Bastian and Goedecker, Stefan. (2019) Finding Reaction Pathways with Optimal Atomic Index Mappings. Physical Review Letters, 123 (20). p. 206102.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/73264/

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Finding complex reaction and transformation pathways involving many intermediate states is, in general, not possible on the density-functional theory level with existing simulation methods, due to the very large number of required energy and force evaluations. For complex reactions, it is not possible to determine which atom in the reactant is mapped onto which atom in the product. Trying out all possible atomic index mappings is not feasible because of the factorial increase in the number of possible mappings. We use a penalty function that is invariant under index permutations to bias the potential energy surface in such a way that it obtains the characteristics of a structure seeker, whose global minimum is the reaction product. By performing a minima-hopping-based global optimization on this biased potential energy surface, we rapidly find intermediate states that lead into the global minimum and allow us to then extract entire reaction pathways. We first demonstrate for a benchmark system, namely, the Lennard-Jones cluster LJ 38 , that our method finds intermediate states relevant to the lowest energy reaction pathway, and hence we need to consider much fewer intermediate states than previous methods to find the lowest energy reaction pathway. Finally, we apply the method to two real systems, C 60 and C 20 H 20 , and show that the reaction pathways found contain valuable information on how these molecules can be synthesized.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Physik (Goedecker)
UniBasel Contributors:Goedecker, Stefan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Dec 2020 15:19
Deposited On:06 Jan 2020 16:25

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