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High Pressure Shifts the β1-Adrenergic Receptor to the Active Conformation in the Absence of G Protein

Abiko, Layara Akemi and Grahl, Anne and Grzesiek, Stephan. (2019) High Pressure Shifts the β1-Adrenergic Receptor to the Active Conformation in the Absence of G Protein. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 141 (42). pp. 16663-16670.

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Abstract

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are versatile chemical sensors, which transmit the signal of an extracellular binding event across the plasma membrane to the intracellular side. This function is achieved via the modulation of highly dynamical equilibria of various conformational receptor states. Here we have probed the effect of pressure on the conformational equilibria of a functional thermostabilized β; 1; -adrenergic GPCR (β; 1; AR) by solution NMR. High pressure induces a large shift in the conformational equilibrium (midpoint ∼600 bar) from the preactive conformation of agonist-bound β; 1; AR to the fully active conformation, which under normal pressure is only populated when a G protein or a G protein-mimicking nanobody (Nb) binds to the intracellular side of the β; 1; AR·agonist complex. No such large effects are observed for an antagonist-bound β; 1; AR or the ternary β; 1; AR·agonist·Nb80 complex. The detected structural changes of agonist-bound β; 1; AR around the orthosteric ligand binding pocket indicate that the fully active receptor occupies an ∼100 Å; 3; smaller volume than that of its preactive form. Most likely, this volume reduction is caused by the compression of empty (nonhydrated) cavities in the ligand binding pocket and the center of the receptor, which increases the ligand receptor interactions and explains the ∼100-fold affinity increase of agonists in the presence of G protein. The finding that isotropic pressure induces a directed motion from the preactive to the fully active GPCR conformation provides evidence of the high mechanical robustness of this important functional switch.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Grzesiek)
UniBasel Contributors:Grzesiek, Stephan and Abiko, Layara Akemi and Grahl, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0002-7863
e-ISSN:1520-5126
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Language:English
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Last Modified:10 Dec 2019 09:20
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 14:13

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