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Ist die Epidemie der Adipositas bei Kindern noch aufhaltbar? = Can we stop the epidemic of childhood obesity?

Puder, J. J. and Kriemler, S.. (2008) Ist die Epidemie der Adipositas bei Kindern noch aufhaltbar? = Can we stop the epidemic of childhood obesity? Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis, Jg. 97, Nr. 1. pp. 17-23.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253323

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Abstract

Childhood obesity influences body weight in the adult and is intrinsically associated with multiple co-morbidities. In the past 20 years, the prevalence of overweight and obese school children in Switzerland has increased by three to six-fold. One out of every four to five children is overweight or obese. Thus, primary prevention is absolutely essential. Excess weight results from a positive energy balance. According to the current literature, changes in the quantity and quality of nutrition, a reduction in physical activity, an increase in sedentary lifestyles, including media consumption, as well as a reduction of sleep time are the most important external factors that promote the development of childhood obesity after infancy. Hereby, the intrauterine milieu and genetic factors also play a role. The obesity epidemic particularly affects children born to overweight parents, children with low socio-economic status, and migrants. Randomized, controlled studies aimed at medium to long-term (< or =1 year) reductions in BMI or fat tissue have mainly been school-based and sometimes involved the family as well. Unfortunately, these studies only produced unanimously negative or modest results. We believe that successful and sustainable prevention must contain 3 elements: (1) A relatively intensive and sustained modification of the individual's behavior that appropriately accounts for the multifactorial causes of childhood obesity. (2) A concurrent adaptation of external conditions that enable behavioral modifications. (3) Incorporation of socio-economic and political aspects.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sport- und Bewegungsmedizin > Sportmedizin (Schmidt-Trucksäss)
UniBasel Contributors:Kriemler, Susi
Item Type:Article
Article Subtype:Book Review
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Huber
ISSN:0369-8394
Note:Note: Summary/résumé engl./franz. -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal item
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:38

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