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Is Repetitive Negative Thinking Truly a Transdiagnostic Process? A Comparison of Processes and Contents across Three Affective Disorders and Non-Clinical Controls

Wahl, Karina and Ehring, Thomas and Kley, Hanna and Lieb, Roselind and Meyer, Andrea H. and Kordon, Andreas and Mazanec, Martin and Heinzel, Carlotta V. and Schönfeld, Sabine. (2019) Is Repetitive Negative Thinking Truly a Transdiagnostic Process? A Comparison of Processes and Contents across Three Affective Disorders and Non-Clinical Controls. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 64. pp. 45-53.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/73071/

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Abstract

The transdiagnostic view of repetitive negative thinking (RNT) claims that different forms of RNT are characterized by identical processes that are applied to disorder-specific content. The purpose of the study was to test whether the processes of RNT differ across major depression disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Forty-two individuals diagnosed with MDD, 35 individuals with GAD, 41 individuals with OCD, and 35 community controls were asked to think of a typical RNT episode and to rate its processes (core processes; use of mental capacity, unproductivity, abstractness, verbal quality, duration). Ratings were compared across groups using planned contrasts and analysis of variance. All individuals with a clinical diagnosis rated the key processes of RNT and avoidance function of RNT as higher than healthy controls. There were no differences between individuals diagnosed with MDD, GAD or OCD on key processes and avoidance function of RNT. Results are based on retrospective self-reports, which might restrict validity of the measurements. Data support the transdiagnostic hypothesis of RNT. Transdiagnostic prevention and intervention techniques seem highly recommendable given these findings.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0005-7916
e-ISSN:1873-7943
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Sep 2020 06:50
Deposited On:21 Sep 2020 06:38

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