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Nutrient conditions in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last glacial period reconstructed from foraminifera-bound nitrogen isotopes

Straub, M. and Tremblay, M. M. and Sigman, D. M. and Studer, A. S. and Ren, H. and Toggweiler, J. R. and Haug, G. H.. (2013) Nutrient conditions in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last glacial period reconstructed from foraminifera-bound nitrogen isotopes. Paleoceanography, 28 (1). pp. 79-90.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/73044/

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Abstract

Surface nitrate concentration is a potentially useful diagnostic in reconstructing the past circulation of high-latitude North Atlantic waters. Moreover, nutrient consumption in the North Atlantic surface impacts the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide. To reconstruct nutrient conditions in the subpolar North Atlantic region during the last ice age, a record of foraminifera-bound delta N-15 was measured in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sin.) from core V28-73 south of Iceland (57.2 degrees N, 20.9 degrees W). Foraminifera-bound delta N-15 is up to 2 parts per thousand lower during the last ice age than during the Holocene, suggesting as much as similar to 25% less complete nitrate consumption during the former. This is consistent with stronger light limitation associated with a deeper summer surface mixed layer, perhaps related to the formation of Glacial North Atlantic Intermediate Water previously suggested to have occurred near the core site. However, three single-point maxima in delta N-15 in the glacial section and the sharp deglacial delta N-15 rise coincide with Heinrich event layers. This suggests that increased water column stratification during Heinrich events, presumably due to surface freshening, reduced the nutrient supply from below and led to nearly complete nitrate consumption in the summertime mixed layer. The Heinrich layers in V28-73 are not accompanied by delta O-18 minima in either N. pachyderma (sin.) or Globigerinoides bulloides, which we tentatively attribute to extreme mixed-layer shoaling. The reconstructed subpolar North Atlantic upper water column changes-both glacial/interglacial and millennial-are inverse to those inferred for the Antarctic. Citation: Straub, M., M. M. Tremblay, D. M. Sigman, A. S. Studer, H. Ren, J. R. Toggweiler, and G. H. Haug (2013), Nutrient conditions in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last glacial period reconstructed from foraminifera-bound nitrogen isotopes, Paleoceanography, 28, 79-90, doi:10.1002/palo.20013.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Geochemie Stoffkreisläufe (Lehmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Studer, Anja
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:AGU
ISSN:0883-8305
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Nov 2020 15:12
Deposited On:06 Nov 2020 15:12

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