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Food-borne trematodiases in East Asia: epidemiology and burden

Fürst, T. and Yongvanit, P. and Khuntikeo, N. and Lun, Z. R. and Haagsma, J. A. and Torgerson, P. R. and Odermatt, P. and Bürli, C. and Chitnis, N. and Sithithaworn, P.. (2019) Food-borne trematodiases in East Asia: epidemiology and burden. In: Neglected tropical diseases - East Asia. Cham, pp. 13-38.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/72893/

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Abstract

Food-borne trematodiases are a cluster of parasitic helminth infections in humans and animals and belong to the cluster of neglected tropical diseases. The causative helminths dispose of a complex life cycle. As with many helminth infections, most infected people may only experience mild and non-specific clinical signs and symptoms. However, repeated, heavy and long-term infections may lead to severe clinical manifestations and also potentially fatal complications such as cholangiocarcinoma. Diagnosis remains a challenge as reliable, affordable, rapid, and simple-to-use diagnostic techniques are not available. If correctly and early diagnosed, safe, cheap, efficacious, orally administered drugs are available. Globally, the disease burden of food-borne trematodiases is estimated to be well within the range of other and better known neglected tropical diseases (e.g. dengue, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, and schistosomiasis) with a concentration in East and Southeast Asia. Food-borne trematodiases are zoonoses and may also have a negative impact on agri- and aquacultural production in affected regions. Mathematical modelling and analysis of food-borne trematodiases transmission dynamics to inform control and prevention is still in a very early stage, also due to the very limited availability of essential data. The current mainstay of human food-borne trematodiases control is drug-based morbidity control. For improved control, prevention or even elimination, more integrated efforts adopting also an ecosystem and “One Health” perspective are needed.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Helminths and Health (Odermatt)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Household Economics and Health Systems Research > Health Systems and Policy (Tediosi)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Infectious Disease Modelling > Mathematical Epidemiology (Chitnis)
UniBasel Contributors:Fürst, Thomas and Odermatt, Peter and Bürli, Christine and Chitnis, Nakul
Item Type:Book Section, refereed
Book Section Subtype:Further Contribution in a Book
Publisher:Springer
ISBN:978-3-030-12006-1
Series Name:Neglected Tropical Diseases
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Book item
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 14:53
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 14:53

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