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Genetic architecture of acne vulgaris

Lichtenberger, Ramtin and Simpson, Michael A. and Smith, Catherine and Barker, Jonathan and Navarini, Alexander A.. (2017) Genetic architecture of acne vulgaris. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology & Venereology : JEADV, 31 (12). pp. 1978-1990.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/72855/

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Abstract

Acne vulgaris is a ubiquitary skin disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the pilosebaceous unit resulting from bacterial colonization of hair follicles by Propionibacterium acnes, androgen-induced increased sebum production, altered keratinization and inflammation. Here, we review our current understanding of the genetic architecture of this intriguing disease. We analysed genomewide association studies (GWAS) and candidate genes studies for acne vulgaris. Moreover, we included GWAS studies for the associated disease polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Overall, the available data revealed sixteen genetic loci flagged by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), none of which has been confirmed yet by independent studies. Moreover, a GWAS for PCOS identified 21 susceptible loci. The genetic architecture is complex which has been revealed by GWAS. Further and larger studies in different populations are required to confirm or disprove results from candidate gene studies as well to identify signals that may overlap between different populations. Finally, studies on rare genetic variants in acne and associated diseases like PCOS may deepen our understanding of its pathogenesis.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialf├Ącher (Klinik) > Dermatologie USB > Dermatologie (Navarini)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialf├Ącher (Klinik) > Dermatologie USB > Dermatologie (Navarini)
UniBasel Contributors:Navarini, Alexander
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1468-3083
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:05 Apr 2020 14:45
Deposited On:05 Apr 2020 14:45

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