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Intravenous phenytoin: a retrospective analysis of Bayesian forecasting versus conventional dosing in patients

Tobler, Andrea and Mühlebach, Stefan. (2013) Intravenous phenytoin: a retrospective analysis of Bayesian forecasting versus conventional dosing in patients. International journal of clinical pharmacy, 35 (5). pp. 790-797.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/72684/

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Abstract

In the hospital, medication management for effective antiepileptic therapy with phenytoin (PHT) often needs rapid IV loading and subsequent dose adjustment according to therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM).; To investigate PHT performance in reaching therapeutic target serum concentration rapidly and sustainably, a Bayesian forecasting (BF) regimen was compared to conventional dosing (CD), according to the official summary of product characteristics.; A 500-600 bed acute care teaching hospital in Switzerland, serving as a referral centre for neurology and neurosurgery.; In a retrospective, single centre, long-term analysis of hospitalized in- and out-patients, all PHT serum tests from the central hospital laboratory from 1997 to 2007 were assessed. The BF regimen consisted of a guided, body weight-adapted rapid IV PHT loading over 5 days with pre-defined TDM time points. The conventional dosage was performed without written guidance. Assuming non-normally distributed data, non-parametric statistical methods for analysis were applied.; The extent of target therapeutic PHT serum levels (40-80 μmol/L) was measured and compared between the two regimens. Also, the influence of gender and age was analysed.; A total of 6,120 PHT serum levels (2,819 BF and 3,301 conventionally dosed) from 2,589 patients (869 BF and 1,720 conventionally dosed) were evaluated and compared. 63.6 % of the PHT serum levels from the BF group were within the therapeutic range, compared with only 34.0 % in the conventional group (p < 0.0001). The mean BF serum level was 52.0 ± 22.1 μmol/L (within target range) (n = 2,819), whereas the mean serum level of the CD was 39.8 ± 28.2 μmol/L (sub-target range) (n = 3,301). In the BF group, men had small but significantly lower PHT serum levels compared to women (p < 0.0001). The conventionally dosed group showed no significant gender differences (p = 0.187). A comparative sub-analysis of age-related groups (children, adolescents, adults, seniors, and elderly) showed significantly lower target levels (p < 0.0001) for each group in the conventional dosed group, compared to BF.; Comparing the two cohorts, BF with the well-defined dose regimen showed significantly better performance in reaching therapeutic PHT serum levels rapidly and for longer duration.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Mühlebach, Stefan F
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2210-7703
e-ISSN:2210-7711
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Aug 2020 13:05
Deposited On:20 Aug 2020 12:58

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