Lipid peroxidation of i.v. lipid emulsions in TPN bags: the influence of tocopherols

Steger, Patrick J. K. and Mühlebach, Stefan F.. (1998) Lipid peroxidation of i.v. lipid emulsions in TPN bags: the influence of tocopherols. Nutrition, 14 (2). pp. 179-185.

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Four commercial i.v. lipid emulsions containing soybean oil were investigated to determine the tocopherol content. A sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a diol column was established to quantitate the tocopherol isomers in lipid emulsions. A previously described iodometric titration was used to assess the peroxide value (mmol peroxides/L). The pH was measured also. The initial tocopherol concentration ranges in three of the four commercial soybean oil-based 20% lipid emulsions studied were compared ([mg/L]: alpha: 17-23, beta: 4, gamma: 88-129, delta: 40-44). One product showed an increased alpha-tocopherol content (172 mg/L) due to supplementation during manufacture. During storage in an ethylvinyl acetate (EVA) bag at 40 degrees C under light-protection (LP) for 34 d, a lipid emulsion 20% with a natural alpha-tocopherol content showed a peroxide value (PV) of 9.18 (about 450 times the value of controls in glass bottles) with a concomittant reduction of the tocopherol isomers to 61.6% (alpha), 86.5% (gamma), and 88.9% (delta) compared to the initial values. Comparison of two lipid emulsions with different amounts of alpha-tocopherol (Lipidem 20%, B. Braun, Switzerland: 156.29 mg/L vs. Intralipid 20%, Pharmacia Upjohn, Switzerland: 8.75 mg/L) for their antioxidative capacity using the same stress conditions revealed for the emulsion with the high alpha-tocopherol content a significantly higher PV over the whole test period (after 5 wk: 33.63 vs. 6.23; P < 0.001) and an increased alpha-tocopherol decomposition (51.6% vs. 8.7%). The drop in pH was higher, also (1.9 vs. 1.0 pH units). In contrast to ordinary concentrations of about 20 mg/L, alpha-tocopherol in 20% lipid emulsions showing antioxidative properties, a supplementation with about 160 mg/L showed a prooxidative effect when exposed to ambient atmosphere in an EVA bag.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Mühlebach, Stefan F
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:18 May 2021 12:24
Deposited On:18 May 2021 12:24

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