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Leave-One-Trial-Out, LOTO, a general approach to link single-trial parameters of cognitive models to neural data

Gluth, Sebastian and Meiran, Nachshon. (2019) Leave-One-Trial-Out, LOTO, a general approach to link single-trial parameters of cognitive models to neural data. eLife, 8. e42607.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/72266/

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Abstract

A key goal of model-based cognitive neuroscience is to estimate the trial-by-trial fluctuations of cognitive model parameters in order to link these fluctuations to brain signals. However, previously developed methods are limited by being difficult to implement, time-consuming, or model-specific. Here, we propose an easy, efficient and general approach to estimating trial-wise changes in parameters: Leave-One-Trial-Out (LOTO). The rationale behind LOTO is that the difference between parameter estimates for the complete dataset and for the dataset with one omitted trial reflects the parameter value in the omitted trial. We show that LOTO is superior to estimating parameter values from single trials and compare it to previously proposed approaches. Furthermore, the method makes it possible to distinguish true variability in a parameter from noise and from other sources of variability. In our view, the practicability and generality of LOTO will advance research on tracking fluctuations in latent cognitive variables and linking them to neural data.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Decision Neuroscience (Gluth)
UniBasel Contributors:Gluth, Sebastian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:eLife Sciences Publications
e-ISSN:2050-084X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:11 Nov 2019 08:18
Deposited On:11 Nov 2019 08:18

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