Preventing dehydration in children with cystic fibrosis who exercise in the heat

Kriemler, S. and Wilk, B. and Schurer, W. and Wilson, W. M. and Bar-Or, O.. (1999) Preventing dehydration in children with cystic fibrosis who exercise in the heat. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Vol. 31, H. 6. pp. 774-779.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253337

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PURPOSE: In healthy children who exercise in the heat, the addition of flavor, carbohydrate, and 18 mmol x L(-1) NaCl to water induced a major increase in voluntary drink intake compared with the intake of unflavored water. This increase was sufficient to prevent voluntary dehydration. We hypothesized that, to achieve a similar effect in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), whose NaCl losses in sweat are markedly excessive, the drink should include an NaCl concentration higher than 18 mmol x L(-1). METHODS: Eleven subjects with CF (6 girls, 5 boys, ages 10.9-19.5 yr) attended three 3-h sessions of intermittent exercise of moderate intensity (four 20-min bouts), at 35 degrees C, 50% relative humidity. Either water (W), flavored water (FW), or a 30 mmol x L(-1) NaCl plus 6% carbohydrate solution (Na30) was offered ad libitum, in a counterbalanced sequence. Six subjects performed an additional session in which they drank a 50 mmol x L(-1) NaCl-6% CHO solution (Na50). RESULTS: There was no significant drink effect on body fluid balance, core temperature, heart rate, or serum electrolytes with W, FW, or Na30. Serum osmolality decreased throughout the sessions from 290.6 +/- 1.1 (mean +/- SEM) to 281.3 +/- 1.2 mmol x kg(-1) (P > 0.0005), serum sodium from 143.1 +/- 0.5 to 141.1 +/- 0.7 mmol x L(-1) (P = 0.01) and serum chloride from 109.1 +/- 0.5 to 107.5 +/- 0.5 mmol X L(-1) (P > 0.001). In contrast, the 50 mmol x L(-1) NaCl drink induced a near significant (P = 0.08) higher fluid intake, and it significantly ameliorated the rate of progressive dehydration. CONCLUSIONS: The marked loss of NaCl in the sweat of CF patients may induce an hypo-osmolar state in the serum, even when the drink contains 30 mmol x L(-1) NaCl. This may diminish the thirst drive triggered by hypothalamic osmoreceptors and may lead to voluntary dehydration. A flavored drink with an even higher salt content (50 mmol X L(-1)), however, enhances drinking and attenuates the voluntary dehydration.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sport- und Bewegungsmedizin > Sportmedizin (Schmidt-Trucksäss)
UniBasel Contributors:Kriemler, Susi
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:38

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