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Genetic variability and consequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineage 3 in Kampala-Uganda

Wampande, Eddie M. and Naniima, Peter and Mupere, Ezekiel and Kateete, David P. and Malone, LaShaunda L. and Stein, Catherine M. and Mayanja-Kizza, Harriet and Gagneux, Sebastien and Boom, W. Henry and Joloba, Moses L.. (2019) Genetic variability and consequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineage 3 in Kampala-Uganda. PLoS ONE, 14 (9). e0221644.

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Abstract

Limited data existed exclusively describing Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineage 3 (MTB-L3), sub-lineages, and clinical manifestations in Kampala, Uganda. This study sought to elucidate the circulating MTB-L3 sub-lineages and their corresponding clinical phenotypes.; A total of 141 M. tuberculosis isolates were identified as M. tuberculosis lineage 3 using Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker analysis method. To ascertain the sub-lineages/sub-strains within the M. tuberculosis lineage 3, the direct repeat (DR) loci for all the isolates was examined for sub-lineage specific signatures as described in the SITVIT2 database. The infecting sub-strains were matched with patients' clinical and demographic characteristics to identify any possible association.; The data showed 3 sub-lineages circulating with CAS 1 Delhi accounting for 55% (77/141), followed by CAS 1-Kili 16% (22/141) and CAS 2/CAS 8% (12/141). Remaining isolates 21% (30/141) were unclassifiable. To explore whether the sub-lineages differ in their ability to cause increased severe disease, we used extent of lung involvement as a proxy for severe disease. Multivariable analysis showed no association between M. tuberculosis lineage 3 sub-lineages with severe disease. The risk factors associated with severe disease include having a positive smear (OR = 9.384; CI 95% = 2.603-33.835), HIV (OR = 0.316; CI 95% = 0.114-0.876), lymphadenitis (OR = 0. 171; CI 95% = 0.034-0.856) and a BCG scar (OR = 0.295; CI 95% = 0.102-0.854).; In Kampala, Uganda, there are three sub-lineages of M. tuberculosis lineage 3 that cause disease of comparable severity with CAS-Dehli as the most prevalent. Having HIV, lymphadenitis, a BCG scar and a smear negative status is associated with reduced severe disease.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Tuberculosis Research (Gagneux)
UniBasel Contributors:Gagneux, Sebastien
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Public Library of Science
e-ISSN:1932-6203
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Sep 2019 07:31
Deposited On:30 Sep 2019 07:31

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