Somatostatin and gentamicin-induced auditory hair cell loss

Caelers, Antje and Monge, Arianne and Brand, Yves and Bodmer, Daniel. (2009) Somatostatin and gentamicin-induced auditory hair cell loss. The Laryngoscope, Vol. 119, no. 5. pp. 933-937.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252052

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OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Hair cells of the mammalian auditory system do not regenerate, and therefore their loss leads to irreversible hearing loss. Aminoglycosides, among other substances, can irreversibly damage hair cells. Somatostatin, a peptide with hormone/neurotransmitter properties, has neuroprotective effects by binding to its receptor. In this study, we tested whether somatostatin can protect hair cells from gentamicin-induced damage in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: This study confirmed the expression of somatostatin receptor mRNA within the cochlea and analyzed the effect of somatostatin on gentamicin-induced hair cell damage and death in vitro. METHODS: Expression of somatostatin receptor mRNA in the rat cochlea was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Protection of auditory hair cells from gentamicin was tested using two different concentrations (1 microM and 5 microM, respectively) of somatostatin. RESULTS: We detected somatostatin receptor-1 and -2 mRNA and in the organ of Corti (OC), spiral ganglion, and stria vascularis by RT-PCR. Moreover, we could see significantly less hair cell loss in the OCs that were pretreated with either 1 microM or 5 microM of somatostatin as compared with samples treated with gentamicin alone. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased hair cell loss in somatostatin-treated samples that had been exposed to gentamicin provides evidence for a protective effect of somatostatin in aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death in vitro.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialf├Ącher (Klinik) > Otorhinolaryngologie > Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie (Bodmer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialf├Ącher (Klinik) > Otorhinolaryngologie > Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie (Bodmer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Inner Ear Research (Bodmer)
UniBasel Contributors:Bodmer, Daniel K
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:40
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:38

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