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OATP1B3-1B7 (LST-3TM12) Is a Drug Transporter That Affects Endoplasmic Reticulum Access and the Metabolism of Ezetimibe

Malagnino, Vanessa and Duthaler, Urs and Seibert, Isabell and Krähenbühl, Stephan and Meyer Zu Schwabedissen, Henriette E.. (2019) OATP1B3-1B7 (LST-3TM12) Is a Drug Transporter That Affects Endoplasmic Reticulum Access and the Metabolism of Ezetimibe. Molecular Pharmacology, 96 (2). pp. 128-137.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71555/

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Abstract

Drug transporters play a crucial role in pharmacokinetics. One subfamily of transporters with proven clinical relevance are the OATP1B transporters. Recently we identified a new member of the OATP1B family named OATP1B3-1B7 (LST-3TM12). This functional transporter is encoded by; SLCO1B3; and; SLCO1B7; OATP1B3-1B7 is expressed in hepatocytes and is located in the membrane of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). One aim of this study was to test whether OATP1B3-1B7 interacts with commercial drugs. First, we screened a selection of OATP1B substrates for inhibition of OATP1B3-1B7-mediated transport of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and identified several inhibitors. One such inhibitor was ezetimibe, which not only inhibited OATP1B3-1B7 but is also a substrate, as its cellular content was significantly increased in cells heterologously expressing the transporter. In humans, ezetimibe is extensively metabolized by hepatic and intestinal uridine-5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), the catalytic site of which is located within the SER lumen. After verification of OATP1B3-1B7 expression in the small intestine, we determined in microsomes whether SER access can be modulated by inhibitors of OATP1B3-1B7. We were able to show that these compounds significantly reduced accumulation in small intestinal and hepatic microsomes, which influenced the rate of ezetimibe; β; -D-glucuronide formation as determined in microsomes treated with bromsulphthalein. Notably, this molecule not only inhibits the herein reported transporter but also other transport systems. In conclusion, we report that multiple drugs interact with OATP1B3-1B7; for ezetimibe, we were able to show that SER access and metabolism is significantly reduced by bromsulphthalein, which is an inhibitor of OATP1B3-1B7. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: OATP1B3-1B3 (LST-3TM12) is a transporter that has yet to be fully characterized. We provide valuable insight into the interaction potential of this transporter with several marketed drugs. Ezetimibe, which interacted with OATP1B3-1B7, is highly metabolized by uridine-5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), whose catalytic site is located within the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) lumen. Through microsomal assays with ezetimibe and the transport inhibitor bromsulphthalein we investigated the interdependence of SER access and the glucuronidation rate of ezetimibe. These findings led us to the hypothesis that access or exit of drugs to the SER is orchestrated by SER transporters such as OATP1B3-1B7.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Biopharmazie (Meyer zu Schwabedissen)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer zu Schwabedissen, Henriette and Malagnino, Vanessa and Seibert, Isabell and Duthaler, Urs and Krähenbühl, Stephan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN:0026-895X
e-ISSN:1521-0111
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:17 Aug 2020 15:09
Deposited On:17 Aug 2020 15:09

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