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Dealing with Supply Disruptions on the European Natural Gas Market: Infrastructure Investments or Coordinated Policies?

Abrell, Jan and Chavaz, Léo and Weigt, Hannes. (2019) Dealing with Supply Disruptions on the European Natural Gas Market: Infrastructure Investments or Coordinated Policies? WWZ Working Papers, 2019 (11). Basel.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71472/

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Abstract

Natural gas plays an important role in many European energy systems especially with regard to the envisioned transition towards a less carbon intensive energy supply. Being dependent on imports - especially from Russia - this raises questions about the future development and security of Europe's gas supply. Using a numerical network model of the European gas system we assess 1) the potential impact of infrastructure extensions for Europe's gas supply and 2) the role of supply security policies in coping with a disruption of Russian imports via the Ukraine. Our results indicate that overall the European gas infrastructure is sufficient for average market conditions. Due to the strong dependency on Russian imports, however, disruptions during the winter months could lead to load curtailment. Projected network extension (Southern Gas Corridor, Nord Stream 2, and new LNG terminals) or a strategic storage policy coordinated across Europe has the potential to reduce this shortage. The positive impact of an extended network, however, also depends on the capability of the global gas market to provide flexible gas that can be reallocated towards Europe. The majority of demand curtailment can already by countered by a relatively modest amount of strategic storage (20% to 30%) if their use during crisis situations is coordination across European countries.
Faculties and Departments:06 Faculty of Business and Economics > Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Professuren Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Energieökonomik (Weigt)
12 Special Collections > WWZ Publications > WWZ Discussion Papers and Working Papers
UniBasel Contributors:Weigt, Hannes and Abrell, Jan and Chavaz, Léo
Item Type:Working Paper
Publisher:WWZ
Number of Pages:34
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
Language:English
Identification Number:
  • handle: RePEc:bsl:wpaper:2019/11
Last Modified:16 Aug 2019 14:17
Deposited On:30 Jul 2019 07:39

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