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Brainstem Circuits Controlling Action Diversification

Ruder, Ludwig and Arber, Silvia. (2019) Brainstem Circuits Controlling Action Diversification. Annual review of neuroscience, 42. pp. 485-504.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71351/

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Abstract

Neuronal circuits that regulate movement are distributed throughout the nervous system. The brainstem is an important interface between upper motor centers involved in action planning and circuits in the spinal cord ultimately leading to execution of body movements. Here we focus on recent work using genetic and viral entry points to reveal the identity of functionally dedicated and frequently spatially intermingled brainstem populations essential for action diversification, a general principle conserved throughout evolution. Brainstem circuits with distinct organization and function control skilled forelimb behavior, orofacial movements, and locomotion. They convey regulatory parameters to motor output structures and collaborate in the construction of complex natural motor behaviors. Functionally tuned brainstem neurons for different actions serve as important integrators of synaptic inputs from upstream centers, including the basal ganglia and cortex, to regulate and modulate behavioral function in different contexts.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Neurobiology > Cell Biology (Arber)
09 Associated Institutions > Friedrich Miescher Institut FMI
UniBasel Contributors:Arber, Silvia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:0147-006X
e-ISSN:1545-4126
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Oct 2019 15:31
Deposited On:09 Oct 2019 12:53

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