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A coherent light-matter interface with a semiconductor quantum dot in an optical microcavity

Najer, Daniel. A coherent light-matter interface with a semiconductor quantum dot in an optical microcavity. 2019, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_13265

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Abstract

The strong-coupling regime of cavity-quantum-electrodynamics (cQED) represents the light-matter interaction at the fully quantum level. Adding a single photon shifts the resonance frequencies, a profound nonlinearity. cQED is a test-bed of quantum optics and the basis of photon-photon and atom-atom entangling gates. At microwave frequencies, success in cQED has had a transformative effect. At optical frequencies, the gates are potentially much faster; the photons can propagate over long distances; and the photons can be detected easily, ideal features for quantum networks. Following pioneering work on single atoms, solid-state implementations using semiconductor quantum dots are emerging, an important prospect for quantum technology. We present here a gated, ultralow-loss microcavity-device which forms a highly coherent photon$-$quantum-dot interface with a cooperativity of $C=150$. The gates allow both the quantum dot charge state and resonance frequency to be controlled electrically; crucially, they eliminate the noise-source which has complicated quantum dot cQED in the past $-$ scattering from the bare microcavity mode even at the quantum dot-microcavity resonance. Even in the microcavity, the quantum dot has a linewidth close to the radiative limit. In addition to a very pronounced avoided-crossing in the spectral domain, we observe a clear coherent exchange of a single energy-quantum between the ``atom" and cavity in the time domain (vacuum Rabi-oscillations). Decoherence arises predominantly via the atom and photon loss-channels. The coherence is exploited to probe the transitions between the singly- and doubly-excited photon-atom system via photon-statistics spectroscopy. We propose this system as a platform for quantum technology, for instance a photon-photon entangling gate.
Advisors:Warburton, Richard and Kasprzak, Jacek
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimental Physics (Warburton)
UniBasel Contributors:Najer, Daniel
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:13265
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:1 Online-Ressource (viii, 99 Seiten)
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:09 Sep 2019 09:46
Deposited On:09 Sep 2019 09:46

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