Whom to Punish? How observers sanction norm-violating behavior in ostracism situations

Rudert, Selma C. and Ruf, Simone and Greifeneder, Rainer. (2019) Whom to Punish? How observers sanction norm-violating behavior in ostracism situations. European Journal of Social Psychology.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71076/

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When observing ostracism, individuals can either side with the target or the sources of ostracism. Here we demonstrate that side-taking depends on whether the target previously acted in adherence to or in violation of perceived social norms. In four studies, a target behaved either norm-consistently or violated a social norm, and was subsequently either excluded by the sources or was not. Next, participants could sanction the behavior of the observed persons by refraining to assign money (Studies 1 and 2), or by subtracting money from a bonus (Studies 3 and 4). Observers assigned less money to the sources when these excluded a norm-consistent target. However, when the target had violated a social norm before, participants assigned less money to the target instead. These results have far-reaching implications because the (in)actions of neutral individuals can legitimize the sources' behavior, or help a target under attack.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Society & Choice > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Greifeneder, Rainer and Rudert, Selma Carolin and Ruf, Simone
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Jul 2021 03:10
Deposited On:24 Jun 2019 05:50

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