In vitro import experiments with semi-intact cells suggest a role of the Sec61 paralog Ssh1 in mitochondrial biogenesis

Laborenz, Janina and Hansen, Katja and Prescianotto-Baschong, Cristina and Spang, Anne and Herrmann, Johannes M.. (2019) In vitro import experiments with semi-intact cells suggest a role of the Sec61 paralog Ssh1 in mitochondrial biogenesis. Biological Chemistry, 400 (9). pp. 1229-1240.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71004/

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Mitochondrial biogenesis relies on the synthesis of hundreds of different precursor proteins in the cytosol and their subsequent import into the organelle. Recent studies suggest that the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) actively contributes to the targeting of some mitochondrial precursors. In the past, in vitro import experiments with isolated mitochondria proved to be extremely powerful to elucidate the individual reactions of the mitochondrial import machinery. However, this in vitro approach is not well suited to study the influence of non-mitochondrial membranes. In this study, we describe an in vitro system using semi-intact yeast cells to test a potential import relevance of the ER proteins Erg3, Lcb5 and Ssh1, all being required for efficient mitochondrial respiration. We optimized the conditions of this experimental test system and found that cells lacking Ssh1, a paralog of the Sec61 translocation pore, show a reduced import efficiency of mitochondrial precursor proteins. Our results suggest that Ssh1, directly or indirectly, increases the efficiency of the biogenesis of mitochondrial proteins. Our findings are compatible with a functional interdependence of the mitochondrial and the ER protein translocation systems.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Spang)
UniBasel Contributors:Spang, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:de Gruyter
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:17 Aug 2020 13:18
Deposited On:17 Aug 2020 13:18

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