Bile acids modulate the interferon signalling pathway

Podevin, P. and Rosmorduc, O. and Conti, F. and Calmus, Y. and Meier, P. J. and Poupon, R.. (1999) Bile acids modulate the interferon signalling pathway. Hepatology, Vol. 29, No. 6. pp. 1840-1847.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261694

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We have previously shown that cholestasis and bile acids inhibit 2', 5' oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) activity in the liver and in primary hepatocyte cultures. Here, we assessed the influence of bile acids on interferon (IFN) pathway activation in three hepatoma cell lines. In HepG2 cells, bile acids (100-200 micromol/L) inhibited IFN-induced 2',5' OAS activity to an extent depending on their surface activity index. In Western blot analysis, IFN-induced expression of two major antiviral proteins, MxA and OAS p100, was reduced by 54% +/- 8% and 44% +/- 12%, respectively, when cells were preincubated for 4 hours with 100 micromol/L chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). In the same conditions, CDCA did not modify the IFN-induced signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)s tyrosine phosphorylation. In contrast, it reduced IFN-induced MxA promoter activity by 60%. The inhibitory effect of CDCA was not mediated by a 4beta-phorbol 12beta-myristate 13alpha-acetate (PMA)-sensitive protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent pathway. Finally, using CHO cells stably expressing a functional human bile acid carrier (Na+-dependent taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide [NTCP]), we found that bile acid inhibition of the IFN pathway occurred in the range of more physiological concentrations (12-50 micromol/L). In summary, our results provide strong evidence that bile acids inhibit the induction of proteins involved in the antiviral activity of IFN. This might partly explain the lack of responsiveness to IFN therapy in some patients with advanced chronic viral liver diseases.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:37

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