Ectoparasites of endemic and domestic animals in southwest Madagascar

Ehlers, Julian and Poppert, Sven and Ratovonamana, Rakotomalala Yedidya and Ganzhorn, Jörg Ulrich and Tappe, Dennis and Krüger, Andreas. (2019) Ectoparasites of endemic and domestic animals in southwest Madagascar. Acta tropica, 196. pp. 83-92.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70911/

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Human encroachment of natural habitats bears the threat of disease transmission between native and introduced species that had not come into contact before, thus promoting the spread of new diseases in both directions. This is a matter of concern especially in areas where human-wildlife contact has not been intense in the recent past. In southwest Madagascar, we collected ectoparasites from various mammalian hosts and chicken, and examined their host preferences and their prevalence in relation to season and habitat degradation. Field-work took place in the northern portion of Tsimanampetsotsa National Park and the adjacent coastal strip (littoral) in the dry and in the rainy season of 2016/2017. Endemic mammals were trapped with live traps placed in habitats of different degrees of degradation: 1) relatively pristine forest, 2) degraded forest, 3) cultivated and shrub land. Rats and mice were also trapped in 4) villages. We identified 17 species of ectoparasites (296 individuals of ticks [5 species], 535 lice [7 spp.], 389 fleas [4 spp.] and 13 mites [1 sp.]) collected from 15 host species. There was no indication for seasonal or habitat effects on parasite infection. A large portion of the parasites was host-specific. Some ectoparasite species were shared either by several endemic or by several introduced species, but apart from the introduced flea species Echidnophaga gallinacea (collected from six different hosts including the endemic carnivore Galidictis grandidieri) no other ectoparasite species was shared between endemic and introduced host species.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Diagnostic (Marti)
UniBasel Contributors:Poppert, Sven
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science Publ.
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Jul 2019 12:33
Deposited On:10 Jul 2019 12:33

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