C3a and C5a stimulate chemotaxis of human mast cells

Hartmann, K. and Henz, B. M. and Krüger-Krasagakes, S. and Köhl, J. and Burger, R. and Guhl, S. and Haase, I. and Lippert, U. and Zuberbier, T.. (1997) C3a and C5a stimulate chemotaxis of human mast cells. Blood, 89 (8). pp. 2863-2870.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70867/

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The factors that control migration of mast cells to sites of inflammation and tissue repair remain largely undefined. Whereas several recent studies have described chemotactic factors that induce migration of murine mast cells, only stem cell factor (SCF) is known to induce migration of human mast cells. We report here that the anaphylatoxins C3a and C5a are chemotactic factors for the human mast cell line HMC-1, human cord blood-derived mast cells (CBMC) and cutaneous mast cells in vitro. The presence of an extracellular matrix protein, laminin, was required for chemotaxis in response to complement peptides. Migration of mast cells towards C3a and C5a was dose-dependent, peaking at 1 microg/mL (100 nmol/L), and was inhibited by specific antibodies. Pretreatment with pertussis toxin inhibited the anaphylatoxin-mediated migration of HMC-1 cells, indicating that Gi proteins are involved in complement-activated signal transduction pathways in human mast cells. Both C3a and C5a also induced a rapid and transient mobilization of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) in HMC-1 cells. Besides SCF, other chemotactic factors tested, such as interleukin-3, nerve growth factor, transforming growth factor beta, RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal Tcell expressed and secreted), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), MCP-2, MCP-3, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), and MIP-1beta, failed to stimulate migration of human mast cells. In summary, these findings indicate that C3a and C5a serve as chemotaxins for human mast cells. Anaphylatoxin-mediated recruitment of mast cells might play an important role in hypersensitivity and inflammatory processes.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Allergy and Immunity (Hartmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Hartmann, Karin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Nov 2020 14:28
Deposited On:10 Nov 2020 14:28

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