Mouse mast cells and mast cell proteases do not play a significant role in acute tissue injury pain induced by formalin

Magnúsdóttir, Elín I. and Grujic, Mirjana and Roers, Axel and Hartmann, Karin and Pejler, Gunnar and Lagerström, Malin C.. (2018) Mouse mast cells and mast cell proteases do not play a significant role in acute tissue injury pain induced by formalin. Molecular Pain, 14. p. 1744806918808161.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70741/

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Subcutaneous formalin injections are used as a model for tissue injury-induced pain where formalin induces pain and inflammation indirectly by crosslinking proteins and directly through activation of the transient receptor potential A1 receptor on primary afferents. Activation of primary afferents leads to both central and peripheral release of neurotransmitters. Mast cells are found in close proximity to peripheral sensory nerve endings and express receptors for neurotransmitters released by the primary afferents, contributing to the neuro/immune interface. Mast cell proteases are found in large quantities within mast cell granules and are released continuously in small amounts and upon mast cell activation. They have a wide repertoire of proposed substrates, including Substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide, but knowledge of their in vivo function is limited. We evaluated the role of mouse mast cell proteases (mMCPs) in tissue injury pain responses induced by formalin, using transgenic mice lacking either mMCP4, mMCP6, or carboxypeptidase A3 (CPA3), or mast cells in their entirety. Further, we investigated the role of mast cells in heat hypersensitivity following a nerve growth factor injection. No statistical difference was observed between the respective mast cell protease knockout lines and wild-type controls in the formalin test. Mast cell deficiency did not have an effect on formalin-induced nociceptive responses nor nerve growth factor-induced heat hypersensitivity. Our data thus show that mMCP4, mMCP6, and CPA3 as well as mast cells as a whole, do not play a significant role in the pain responses associated with acute tissue injury and inflammation in the formalin test. Our data also indicate that mast cells are not essential to heat hypersensitivity induced by nerve growth factor.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Allergy and Immunity (Hartmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Hartmann, Karin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 Apr 2020 15:19
Deposited On:09 Apr 2020 15:19

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