Guidelines for reporting and archiving 210Pb sediment chronologies to improve fidelity and extend data lifecycle

Courtney-Mustaphi, Colin and Brahney, Janice and Aquino-López, Marco A. and Goring, Simon and Orton, Kiersten and Noronha, Alexandra and Czaplewski, John and Asena, Quinn and Paton, Sarah and Brushworth, Johnny Panga. (2019) Guidelines for reporting and archiving 210Pb sediment chronologies to improve fidelity and extend data lifecycle. Quaternary geochronology, 52. pp. 77-87.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70600/

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Radiometric  dating methods are essential for developing  geochronologies to study Late  Quaternary environmental change and  210 Pb dating is commonly used to produce age-depth models from recent (within 150 years)  sediments and other geoarchives. The past two centuries are marked by rapid environmental socio-ecological changes frequently attributed to anthropogenic  land-use activities, modified  biogeochemical cycles , and climate change. Consequently, historical reconstructions over this recent time interval have high societal value because analyses of these datasets provide understanding of the consequences of environmental modifications, critical ecosystem thresholds, and to define desirable ranges of variation for  management ,  restoration , and conservation. For this information to be used more broadly, for example to support land management decisions or to contribute data to regional analyses of  ecosystem change , authors must report all of the useful age-depth model information. However, at present there are no guidelines for researchers on what information should be reported to ensure  210 Pb data are fully disclosed, reproducible, and reusable; leading to a plethora of reporting styles, including inadequate reporting that reduces potential reusability and shortening the data lifecycle. For example, 64% of the publications in a  literature review of  210 Pb dated geoarchives did not include any presentation of age uncertainty estimates in modeled  calendar ages used in age-depth models. Insufficient reporting of methods and results used in  210 Pb dating geoarchives severely hampers reproducibility and data reusability, especially in analyses that make use of databased palaeoenvironmental data. Reproducibility of data is fundamental to further analyses of the number of palaeoenvironmental data and the spatial coverage of published geoarchives sites. We suggest, and justify, a set of minimum reporting guidelines for  metadata and data reporting for  210 Pb dates, including an IEDA (Interdisciplinary  Earth Data Alliance), LiPD (Linked Paleo Data) and generic format data presentation  templates , to contribute to improvements in data archiving standards and to facilitate the data requirements of researchers analyzing datasets of several palaeoenvironmental study sites. We analyse practices of methods, results and first order interpretation of  210 Pb data and make recommendations to authors on effective data reporting and archiving to maximize the value of datasets. We provide empirical evidence from publications and practitioners to support our suggested reporting guidelines. These guidelines increase the scientific value of  210 Pb by expanding its relevance in the data lifecycle. Improving quality and fidelity of environmental datasets broadens interdisciplinary use, lengthens the potential lifecycle of  data products , and achieves requirements applicable for evidenced-based policy support.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Geoökologie (Heiri)
UniBasel Contributors:Courtney-Mustaphi, Colin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Aug 2020 06:46
Deposited On:17 Aug 2020 11:54

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