ZEN-4/MKLP1 is required to polarize the foregut epithelium

Portereiko, Michael F. and Saam, Jennifer and Mango, Susan E.. (2004) ZEN-4/MKLP1 is required to polarize the foregut epithelium. Current Biology, 14 (11). pp. 932-941.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70578/

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Epithelial tubes are a key component of organs and are generated from cells with distinct apico-basolateral polarity. Here, we describe a novel function during tubulogenesis for ZEN-4, the Caenorhabditis elegans ortholog of mitotic kinesin-like protein 1 (MKLP1), and CYK-4, which contains a RhoGAP (GTPase-activating protein) domain. Previous studies revealed that these proteins comprise centralspindlin (a complex that functions during mitosis to bundle microtubules), construct the spindle midzone, and complete cytokinesis.; Our analyses demonstrate that ZEN-4/MKLP1 functions postmitotically to establish the foregut epithelium. Mutants that lack ZEN-4/MKLP1 express polarity markers but fail to target these proteins appropriately to the cell cortex. Affected proteins include PAR-3/Bazooka and PKC-3/atypical protein kinase C at the apical membrane domain, and HMR-1/cadherin and AJM-1 within C. elegans apical junctions (CeAJ). Microtubules and actin are disorganized in zen-4 mutants compared to the wild-type.; We suggest that ZEN-4/MKLP1 and CYK-4/RhoGAP regulate an early step in epithelial polarization that is required to establish the apical domain and CeAJ.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Cell and Developmental Biology (Mango)
UniBasel Contributors:Mango, Susan Elizabeth
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Cell Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Nov 2020 09:48
Deposited On:13 Nov 2020 09:48

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