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Is repetitive negative thinking a transdiagnostic process? A comparison of key processes of RNT in depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and community controls

Wahl, Karina and Ehring, Thomas and Kley, Hanna and Lieb, Roselind and Meyer, Andrea and Kordon, Andreas and Heinzel, Carlotta V. and Mazanec, Martin and Schönfeld, Sabine. (2019) Is repetitive negative thinking a transdiagnostic process? A comparison of key processes of RNT in depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and community controls. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 64. pp. 45-53.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70166/

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Abstract

The transdiagnostic view of repetitive negative thinking (RNT) claims that different forms of RNT are characterized by identical processes that are applied to disorder-specific content. The purpose of the study was to test whether the processes of RNT differ across major depression disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).; Forty-two individuals diagnosed with MDD, 35 individuals with GAD, 41 individuals with OCD, and 35 community controls were asked to think of a typical RNT episode and to rate its processes (core processes; use of mental capacity, unproductivity, abstractness, verbal quality, duration). Ratings were compared across groups using planned contrasts and analysis of variance.; All individuals with a clinical diagnosis rated the key processes of RNT and avoidance function of RNT as higher than healthy controls. There were no differences between individuals diagnosed with MDD, GAD or OCD on key processes and avoidance function of RNT.; Results are based on retrospective self-reports, which might restrict validity of the measurements.; Data support the transdiagnostic hypothesis of RNT. Transdiagnostic prevention and intervention techniques seem highly recommendable given these findings.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans and Heinzel, Carlotta
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0005-7916
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Oct 2019 11:39
Deposited On:22 May 2019 13:39

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