Absence of herb-drug interactions of mistletoe with the tamoxifen metabolite (E/Z)-endoxifen and cytochrome P450 3A4/5 and 2D6 in vitro

Weissenstein, Ulrike and Kunz, Matthias and Oufir, Mouhssin and Wang, Jue Theresa and Hamburger, Matthias and Urech, Konrad and Regueiro, Ursula and Baumgartner, S.. (2019) Absence of herb-drug interactions of mistletoe with the tamoxifen metabolite (E/Z)-endoxifen and cytochrome P450 3A4/5 and 2D6 in vitro. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 19 (1). p. 23.

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Background Women diagnosed with breast cancer frequently seek complementary and alternative (CAM) treatment options that can help to cope with their disease and the side effects of conventional cancer therapy. Especially in Europe, breast cancer patients use herbal products containing mistletoe (Viscum album L.). The oldest and one of the most prescribed conventional drugs for the treatment of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer is tamoxifen. Aside from positive clinical experience with the combination of tamoxifen and mistletoe, little is known about possible herb-drug interactions (HDIs) between the two products. In the present in vitro study, we investigated the effect of standardized commercial mistletoe preparations on the activity of endoxifen, the major active metabolite of tamoxifen. Methods The estrogen receptor positive human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 was treated with (E/Z)-endoxifen hydrochloride in the presence and absence of a defined estradiol concentration. Each concentration of the drug was combined with fermented Viscum album L. extracts (VAE) at clinically relevant doses, and proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle were analyzed. In parallel, possible inhibition of CYP3A4/5 and CYP2D6 was investigated using 50-donor mixed gender pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs). Results VAE did not inhibit endoxifen induced cytostasis and cytotoxicity. At higher concentrations, VAE showed an additive inhibitory effect. VAE preparations did not cause inhibition of CYP3A4/5 and CYP2D6 catalyzed tamoxifen metabolism. Conclusions The in vitro results suggest that mistletoe preparations can be used in combination with tamoxifen without the risk of HDIs. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (10.1186/s12906-019-2439-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Pharmazie > Pharmazeutische Biologie (Hamburger)
UniBasel Contributors:Hamburger, Matthias and Oufir, Mouhssin and Wang, Jue Theresa
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Aug 2020 14:44
Deposited On:07 Aug 2020 14:44

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