edoc

Spatial variability in air pollution exposure in relation to socioeconomic indicators in nine European metropolitan areas : a study on environmental inequality

Samoli, E. and Stergiopoulou, A. and Santana, P. and Rodopoulou, S. and Mitsakou, C. and Dimitroulopoulou, C. and Bauwelinck, M. and de Hoogh, K. and Costa, C. and Marí-Dell'Olmo, M. and Corman, D. and Vardoulakis, S. and Katsouyanni, K. and Euro-Healthy Consortium, . (2019) Spatial variability in air pollution exposure in relation to socioeconomic indicators in nine European metropolitan areas : a study on environmental inequality. Environmental Pollution, 249. pp. 345-353.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/69921/

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

A limited number of studies have addressed environmental inequality, using various study designs and methodologies and often reaching contradictory results. Following a standardized multi-city data collection process within the European project EURO-HEALTHY, we conducted an ecological study to investigate the spatial association between nitrogen dioxide (NO; 2; ), as a surrogate for traffic related air pollution, and ten socioeconomic indicators at local administrative unit level in nine European Metropolitan Areas. We applied mixed models for the associations under investigation with random intercepts per Metropolitan Area, also accounting for the spatial correlation. The stronger associations were observed between NO; 2; levels and population density, population born outside the European Union (EU28), total crimes per 100,000 inhabitants and unemployment rate that displayed a highly statistically significant trend of increasing concentrations with increasing levels of the indicators. Specifically, the highest vs the lowest quartile of each indicator above was associated with 48.7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 42.9%, 54.8%), 30.9% (95%CI: 22.1%, 40.2%), 19.8% (95%CI: 13.4%, 26.6%) and 15.8% (95%CI: 9.9%, 22.1%) increase in NO; 2; respectively. The association with population density most probably reflects the higher volume in vehicular traffic, which is the main source of NO; 2; in urban areas. Higher pollution levels in areas with higher percentages of people born outside EU28, crime or unemployment rates indicate that worse air quality is typically encountered in deprived European urban areas. Policy makers should consider spatial environmental inequalities to better inform actions aiming to lower urban air pollution levels that will subsequently lead to improved quality of life, public health and health equity across the population.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0269-7491
e-ISSN:1873-6424
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:01 Apr 2019 09:38
Deposited On:01 Apr 2019 09:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page