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Roman and Medieval crops of the Iberian Peninsula: a first synthesis of seeds and fruits from archaeological sites

Peña-Chocarro, Leonor and Pérez-Jordà, Guillem and Alonso, Natàlia and Antolín, Ferran and Teira-Brión, Andres and Tereso, Joâo Pedro and Montes Moya, Eva Maria and Reyes, Daniel Lopez. (2019) Roman and Medieval crops of the Iberian Peninsula: a first synthesis of seeds and fruits from archaeological sites. Quaternary international, 499 (Part 1). pp. 49-66.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/69434/

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Abstract

This paper presents an overview of the current state of research on Roman, Late Antique and medieval agriculture in the Iberian Peninsula through the study of archaeobotanical samples (seeds and fruits) collected on a large number of rural and urban sites spread throughout Iberia's geography. It includes published and unpublished data. The plant taxa of economic interest are grouped into various categories: cereals, cereal chaff, legumes, domesticated fruits, oil/fibre plants, condiments and spices, and wild species. According to the data, naked wheats and hulled barley are the dominant cereal species throughout the Iberian Peninsula. There are, nonetheless, particularities like the prevalence of hulled wheats (mainly emmer and spelt) in the North-west. Cultivated fruits also show a great diversity, and new species such as Morus nigra or Prunus armeniaca appear for the first time in the archaeobotanical record. There are also novelties regarding herbs and spices.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Archäobotanik (Antolin)
UniBasel Contributors:Antolin, Ferran
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1040-6182
e-ISSN:1873-4553
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Aug 2020 12:35
Deposited On:07 Aug 2020 12:25

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