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Measuring subjective flood resilience in suburban Dakar : a before-after evaluation of the "Live with water" project

Bottazzi, P. and Winkler, M. S. and Boillat, S. and Diagne, A. and Chabi Sika, M. M. and Kpangon, A. and Faye, S. and Speranza, C. I.. (2018) Measuring subjective flood resilience in suburban Dakar : a before-after evaluation of the "Live with water" project. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, 10 (7). p. 2135.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/69269/

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Abstract

In the last decade, sub-Saharan African countries have taken various measures to plan for and adapt to floods in order to reduce exposure and its impacts on human health, livelihoods and infrastructure. Measuring the effects of such initiatives on social resilience is challenging as it requires to combine multiple variables and indicators that embrace thematic, spatial and temporal dimensions inherent to the resilience thinking and concept. In this research, we apply a before-after-control-intervention (BACI) evaluation to empirically measure the impacts of the “Live with Water” (LWW) project on suburban households in Dakar, Senegal. We developed a resilience index that combines anticipatory, adaptive and absorptive capacity – considered as structural dimensions – with the concept of transformative capacity – considered as a temporal reconfiguration of the first three dimensions. Our finding let us estimate that the project increased the absorptive and the anticipatory capacities by 10.61% and 4.61%, respectively. However, adaptive capacity remained unchanged. This may be explained by the fact that the programme was more successful in building drainage and physical infrastructures, rather than improving multi-level organisations and strategies to cope with existing flood events. Further flood resilience program should better combine engineering approaches with institutional change and livelihood support to poor urban dwellers.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Winkler, Mirko S.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1548-7733
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:05 Mar 2019 14:27
Deposited On:05 Mar 2019 14:27

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