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Ancient human genome-wide data from a 3000-year interval in the Caucasus corresponds with eco-geographic regions

Wang, Chuan-Chao and Reinhold, Sabine and Kalmykov, Alexey and Wissgott, Antje and Brandt, Guido and Jeong, Choongwon and Cheronet, Olivia and Ferry, Matthew and Harney, Eadaoin and Keating, Denise and Mallick, Swapan and Rohland, Nadin and Stewardson, Kristin and Kantorovich, Anatoly R. and Maslov, Vladimir E. and Petrenko, Vladimira G. and Erlikh, Vladimir R. and Atabiev, Biaslan Ch. and Magomedov, Rabadan G. and Kohl, Philipp L. and Alt, Kurt W. and Pichler, Sandra L. and Gerling, Claudia and Meller, Harald and Vardanyan, Benik and Yeganyan, Larisa and Rezepkin, Alexey D. and Mariaschk, Dirk and Berezina, Natalia and Gresky, Julia and Fuchs, Katharina and Knipper, Corina and Schiffels, Stephan and Balanovska, Elena and Balanovsky, Oleg and Mathieson, Iain and Higham, Thomas and Berezin, Yakov B. and Buzhilova, Alexandra and Trifonov, Viktor and Pinhasi, Ron and Belinskij, Andrej B. and Reich, David and Hansen, Svend and Krause, Johannes and Haak, Wolfgang. (2019) Ancient human genome-wide data from a 3000-year interval in the Caucasus corresponds with eco-geographic regions. Nature Communications, 10. p. 590.

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Abstract

Archaeogenetic studies have described the formation of Eurasian 'steppe ancestry' as a mixture of Eastern and Caucasus hunter-gatherers. However, it remains unclear when and where this ancestry arose and whether it was related to a horizon of cultural innovations in the 4 th millennium BCE that subsequently facilitated the advance of pastoral societies in Eurasia. Here we generated genome-wide SNP data from 45 prehistoric individuals along a 3000-year temporal transect in the North Caucasus. We observe a genetic separation between the groups of the Caucasus and those of the adjacent steppe. The northern Caucasus groups are genetically similar to contemporaneous populations south of it, suggesting human movement across the mountain range during the Bronze Age. The steppe groups from Yamnaya and subsequent pastoralist cultures show evidence for previously undetected farmer-related ancestry from different contact zones, while Steppe Maykop individuals harbour additional Upper Palaeolithic Siberian and Native American related ancestry.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Archäozoologie (Schibler)
UniBasel Contributors:Pichler, Sandra L. and Gerling, Claudia and Alt, Kurt W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN:2041-1723
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:05 Mar 2019 14:30
Deposited On:05 Mar 2019 14:30

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