Non-covalent interactions across organic and biological subsets of chemical space: Physics-based potentials parametrized from machine learning

Bereau, Tristan and DiStasio, Robert A. and Tkatchenko, Alexandre and von Lilienfeld, O. Anatole. (2018) Non-covalent interactions across organic and biological subsets of chemical space: Physics-based potentials parametrized from machine learning. Journal of Chemical Physics, 148 (24). p. 241706.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/68691/

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Classical intermolecular potentials typically require an extensive parametrization procedure for any new compound considered. To do away with prior parametrization, we propose a combination of physics-based potentials with machine learning (ML), coined IPML, which is transferable across small neutral organic and biologically relevant molecules. ML models provide on-the-fly predictions for environment-dependent local atomic properties: electrostatic multipole coefficients (significant error reduction compared to previously reported), the population and decay rate of valence atomic densities, and polarizabilities across conformations and chemical compositions of H, C, N, and O atoms. These parameters enable accurate calculations of intermolecular contributions-electrostatics, charge penetration, repulsion, induction/polarization, and many-body dispersion. Unlike other potentials, this model is transferable in its ability to handle new molecules and conformations without explicit prior parametrization: All local atomic properties are predicted from ML, leaving only eight global parameters-optimized once and for all across compounds. We validate IPML on various gas-phase dimers at and away from equilibrium separation, where we obtain mean absolute errors between 0.4 and 0.7 kcal/mol for several chemically and conformationally diverse datasets representative of non-covalent interactions in biologically relevant molecules. We further focus on hydrogen-bonded complexes-essential but challenging due to their directional nature-where datasets of DNA base pairs and amino acids yield an extremely encouraging 1.4 kcal/mol error. Finally, and as a first look, we consider IPML for denser systems: water clusters, supramolecular host-guest complexes, and the benzene crystal.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Lilienfeld)
UniBasel Contributors:Bereau, Tristan and von Lilienfeld, Anatole
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:AIP Publishing
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Aug 2019 14:49
Deposited On:21 Aug 2019 14:49

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