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Conformational Properties of a Peptidic Catalyst: Insights from NMR Spectroscopic Studies

Rigling, Carla and Kisunzu, Jessica K. and Duschmalé, Jörg and Häussinger, Daniel and Wiesner, Markus and Ebert, Marc-Olivier and Wennemers, Helma. (2018) Conformational Properties of a Peptidic Catalyst: Insights from NMR Spectroscopic Studies. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140 (34). pp. 10829-10838.

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Abstract

Peptides have become valuable as catalysts for a variety of different reactions, but little is known about the conformational properties of peptidic catalysts. We investigated the conformation of the peptide H-dPro-Pro-Glu-NH; 2; , a highly reactive and stereoselective catalyst for conjugate addition reactions, and the corresponding enamine intermediate in solution by NMR spectroscopy and computational methods. The combination of nuclear Overhauser effects (NOEs), residual dipolar couplings (RDCs), J-couplings, and temperature coefficients revealed that the tripeptide adopts a single predominant conformation in its ground state. The structure is a type I β-turn, which gains stabilization from three hydrogen bonds that are cooperatively formed between all functional groups (secondary amine, carboxylic acid, amides) within the tripeptide. In contrast, the conformation of the enamine intermediate is significantly more flexible. The conformational ensemble of the enamine is still dominated by the β-turn, but the backbone and the side chain of the glutamic acid residue are more dynamic. The key to the switch between rigidity and flexibility of the peptidic catalyst is the CO; 2; H group in the side chain of the glutamic acid residue, which acts as a lid that can open and close. As a result, the peptidic catalyst is able to adapt to the structural requirements of the intermediates and transition states of the catalytic cycle. These insights might explain the robustness and high reactivity of the peptidic catalyst, which exceeds that of other secondary amine-based organocatalysts. The data suggest that a balance between rigidity and flexibility, which is reminiscent of the dynamic nature of enzymes, is beneficial for peptidic catalysts and other synthetic catalysts.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Häussinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Häussinger, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0002-7863
e-ISSN:1520-5126
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Apr 2019 10:19
Deposited On:23 Apr 2019 10:19

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